Olduvai Gorge: The Cradle of Mankind

Olduvai Gorge is a site in Tanzania that holds the earliest evidence of the existence of human ancestors. Paleoanthropologists have found hundreds of fossilized bones and stone tools in the area dating back millions of years, leading them to conclude that humans evolved in Africa.Olduvai is a misspelling of Oldupai, a Maasai word for a wild sisal plant that grows in the area. The gorge is located in the Great Rift Valley, between the Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park.

It is 30 miles from Laetoli, another fossil-rich area. Olduvai Gorge was formed about 30,000 years ago, the result of aggressive geological activity and streams.

The steep ravine is about 30 miles (48.2 km) long and 295 feet (89.9 meters) deep, not quite large enough to be classified as a canyon. A river cuts through several layers to form four individual beds, with the oldest estimated at about 2 million years old.

At Laetoli, west of Ngorongoro Crater, hominid footprints are preserved in volcanic rock 3.6 millions years old and represent some of the earliest signs of mankind in the world. Three separate tracks of a small-brained upright walking early hominid. Australopithecus afarensis, a creature about 1.2 to 1.4 meters high, were found. Imprints of these are displayed in the Oldupai museum.

More advanced descendants of Laetoli’s hominids were found further north, buried in the layers of the 100 meters deep Oldupai Gorge. Excavations, mainly by the archaeologist Louis and Mary Leakey, yielded four different kinds of hominid, showing a gradual increases in brain size and in the complexity of their stone tools. The first skull of Zinjanthropus, commonly known as ‘Nutcracker Man’ who lived about 1.75 millions years ago, was found here. The most important find include Home habilis, Zinjathropus and the Laetoli footprints.

Ngorongoro has some of the finest camps and lodges in Tanzania, a couple of which would stake their claim as the best in all of Africa such as Ngorongoro Crater Lodge, Ngorongoro Serena, Lions Paw, Plantation Lodge, Gibbs Farm, Pakulala among the numerous options in the area.

Ngorongoro Crater Lodge is an exceptional property standing on the crater rim and offering spectacular crater views from everywhere in the suites. It has been commonly voted as the most luxurious lodge in all Africa and is sight to behold.

Close by we have the Ngorongoro Serena Lodge built in a truly marvelous location. It’s usually used as a base for visits into the crater, and has views of the magnificent caldera from all of the bedrooms and most of the public areas.

The cost of a Ngorongoro safari varies from camp to camp. Generally, prices start from $400 per person per night and go all the way up to $2,500 per person per night. The best thing to do is to drop me a line or email with your tentative budget and then we will work on getting the best deal that suits your budget.

Olduvai Gorge: The Cradle of Mankind

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